Extremely independent and intelligent, the Central Asian Shepherd Dog can prove difficult to train for obedience but not impossible. It is a large breed of dog recognized by FCI as a Molossoid type dog breed of Soviet-era origin under Russian patronage. Present history has a division between breed types and creations of new ones. Promiscuity in aggression toward strangers and friends is highly atypical for the breed. Coat on the muzzle, forehead, and the front of the legs is short and smooth. Interacting them directly with a stranger may not be a good idea, as they are known to be aloof and wary with strangers. Expressive, almost human eyes, revealing inimitable intelligence, finish the portrait. Some countries like France, Netherlands, Australia, etc., and many more ban cropping and docking. You are going to want to feed your Central Asian Shepherd Dog a formula that will cater to his unique digestive needs throughout the various phases of his life. [6] Some serve as livestock guardians, some protect their owners, and some are used for dog fighting, which is a national tradition in many countries of that region. Ears are normally cropped close to the head but are naturally small, drop, and set low on the head. Eventually, purebred dogs only remained with herders, breed enthusiasts and farms, with a surfeit of crosses elsewhere. Like all breeds there may be some health issues. Docking of the tail and ears is optional, depending on the country in which you live. Molossoid type dog. This breed is known for its fearlessness towards large predators. They are not for first-time dog owners. Height at the shoulders for this breed is 26-31 inches for males, 24-27 inches for females; Central Asian Shepherd Dog weight is 110-170 pounds for males, and 90-140 pounds for females. The Central Asian shepherd is an ancient breed from natural selection, with records dating back over five thousand years. central asian shepherd molossoid dog breed facts, lifespan, personality traits, human compatibility, photos, size and coat color chart, world origin and rescue information from the online dog encyclopedia Most dogs evaluated each other when met at the field and the weaker or more submissive dog left, taking the loss. Grooming can be a wonderful bonding experience for you and your pet. Recent History has these dogs improperly classified as traditional Livestock Guardian dogs. The ancestor of the Central Asian shepherd originated in a geographical area between the Ural, Caspian Sea, Asia Minor, and the Northwest border of China. Despite adverse reputation of commercial dog fights, fight tests are aimed to reveal a dog's willingness and ability to fight predators. The former USSR is credited with standardizing the breed in the 1920s, however, the recent creation of a new Russian standard years after USSR rule ended in their native lands has resulted in a modern version of the breed in Russia called the Central Asian Ovcharka. This includes special tests to determine a dog's inborn qualities, and training degrees or titles aimed to show what the dog can learn to do. [14], The Turkmen President Gurbanguly Berdymukhamedov wrote a book about the animal and in 2017 presented Russian President Vladamir Putin with Verni, a puppy as a birthday present.[15][16]. The Central Asian Shepherd Dogs are said to be the oldest known group of dogs in existence today. These breed features, as well as different traditional names for the breed, give grounds for complications with breed standard. Leg bones must be in proportion, and shall never give the impression that any bone is short. The Central Asian Shepherd, the Alabai, or the Central Asian Ovcharka is strengthening its reputation in Europe and America as one of the best guard dogs. Modern breeding requirements by the leading kennel club in Russia include mandatory temperament tests and training titles, besides show ratings. The majority of breeders are aware of their dogs’ backgrounds, and will tell whether the dog comes from lines used for fighting. These dogs were introduced to the worldwide sheep breeding community with great success. As such, they make perfect house dogs. For safety, because they are an intelligent and independent breed, they should be kept contained when exercised, such as in a fenced yard and on-leash when being walked. Information on Livestock Guardian dogs behavior and specifics can be found at Livestock Guardian Dog Association. Most common colors are black/white; fawn of different shades, from almost white to deep red; brindle. The CAO is a versatile, universal breed and fits under different descriptions at a time, what is a reason for different Kennel Clubs to classify Central Asians under different dog breed groups. Dog Fighting in Afghanistan - Tragedy or Tradition? Over the decades, this practice harmed the local population. Unlike most breeds today, they are not man-made or created by any specific person or country. All rights reserved. [12] They do not need any complicated training to learn basic house rules, and treat the owner with the same great respect with which their ancestors treated the herder. Name: Central Asian Shepherd Dog USA - Central Asia ** known names see above Created by : Natural Selection - NON Man Made - Thus many regional old & new varieties. The Central Asian Shepherd Dog (Russian: Среднеазиатская овчарка; Алабай, romanized: Sredneazïatskaya ovčarka; Alabay) is an ancient livestock guardian dog breed. I took a look back at the profile we have for the Central Asian Shepherd Dog and am sharing this tidbit as I think it addresses your post. The Central Asian Shepherd Dog, or the Central Asian Ovtcharka, is thought to be one of the most ancient breeds still in existence today. In countries with highly developed open field sheepherding, major livestock herd losses may be caused by predation from feral dogs and wolf-dog hybrids, and the livestock guardian dogs must be able to protect the sheep from those. They differ in size, color, head types, and hair types. Healthy You, Healthy Dog, Healthy New Year! Dogs for personal protection or working dogs originated from livestock guardian dogs, selectively bred by Russian breed experts for working abilities. As the breed developed, three distinct breed types developed according to purpose, including herders, dog fighters, and livestock guardians. RKF, a FCI-recognized Russian Kennel Club, classifies Central Asians as a working dog breed, reflecting tremendous results in obedience, protection and military-related training. This breed presents a robust dog of greater than average size with great strength and power. [2] Numerous breed representatives reside in Russia, and local kennel club officials refer to Central Asians as one of the most popular dog breeds in the country, rating them as the #1 breed in the country around 2000. Its legs are well-boned and muscular. AKC Marketplace is the only site to exclusively list 100% AKC puppies from AKC-Registered litters and the breeders who have cared for and raised these puppies are required to follow rules and regulations established by the AKC. Music: TULE - Lost [NCS Release] https://www.youtube.com/user/NoCopyrightSounds It is a large to giant sized dog and has been around for over 5000 years. Their strong, fast-growing nails should be trimmed regularly with a nail clipper or grinder to avoid overgrowth, splitting and cracking. Central Asian Shepherd dog. The Central Asian Shepherd possibly evolved over 4,000 ago as a result of natural selection in a vast region extending from the Caspian Sea in the west to China in the east and from the Ural Mountains in the north to Afghanistan in the south. Central Asians were used by nomadic traders to protect themselves and their livestock from predators such as bears and wolves. Central Asian Shepherd Dogs are the most powerful dogs of the livestock guardian type dogs. The body is fairly broad, proportionate, muscles rather flat. Central Asian Shepherd dogs can come from working lines, fighting lines, and livestock guardian lines, and behave accordingly, regardless of the country they come from. With each name, their is a different size, type & function. The Central Asian Shepherd Dog has been approved to compete in AKC Companion Events since January 1, 2010. The hair is short or moderately long with a heavy undercoat. Their history is merged with the civilization of man and their timeline can be found by tracing the history of the ancient Silk Road. The head is massive. The Central Asian Shepherd Dog has a double coat consisting of longer, coarse outer guard hairs and dense undercoat made up of soft, fine hair. The beautiful, majectic Central Asian Shepherd likely originated over four thousand years ago from natural selection and comprises numerous breed types that differ in size, color, head types, and hair types. and countries where CAO still at aboriginal stage is a common practice nowadays. As a result, they excel in obedience, territory protection, and personal protection, and are very intelligent. They were formed as a breed from natural selection during more than four thousand years in the vast territory Regions of Central Asia. Breed overview in places of aboriginal habitat, "Turkmenistan leader unveils giant gold dog statue", History of dog breeding in Southwestern Asia, Comments to the Central Asian Shepherd dog breed systematics. The size of a Central Asian Shepherd Dog is nearly unmatched. The FCI classifies them as Molossoid dogs, sometimes described in different languages as Molossus- or Molosser-type dogs, likewise, reflecting the match by confirmation and common ancestry between the CAO and related breeds. All herders from the same area annually met together, and fought their strongest sheep guardian male dogs to pick the winner. It is believed to have come from a geographical area around Asia Minor, Caspian Sea, Ural, and the Northwest border of China. Some serve as livestock guardia… Molossoid type dog. © The American Kennel Club, Inc. 2020. They are territorial guardians bred to guard people and their possessions. The rump is broad. Clean, fresh water should be available at all times. The Central Asian Shepherd Dog has been assigned the Working Group designation. Prospective owners should take note: the breed is highly protective of their family and property, so it may be difficult to bring people into your home. During the 70 years of occupied rule the breed became world known as the "Central Asian Ovcharka". Aboriginal Central Asians as well as mixes still can be found in its countries of origin, such as Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Afghanistan, Uzbekistanand surrounding countries. However, the Central Asian Shepherd Dog population is still stable in general, reproducing some true quality dogs praised for working abilities, regardless of country of origin. Central Asian Shepherd Dog Image Via youtube. No other breeds used in its creation. Traditional dog fighting had always been a national tradition in places of original habitat, but they had never been cruel and destructive as pitbull-type fights. The Central Asian Shepherd is large and powerful, with strong muscular legs, a large short head, and a thick neck with a noteworthy dewlap. ", "Dog lover Putin gets top breed pup as gift from Turkmen leader", Central Asians in their natural environment in country of origin, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Central_Asian_Shepherd_Dog&oldid=999204176, Dog breeds originating in the Soviet Union, Articles with dead external links from December 2016, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from November 2016, Articles containing Russian-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 January 2021, at 00:28. The AKC has grouped all of the breeds that it registers into seven categories, or groups, roughly based on function and heritage. Answer a few simple questions and find the right dog for you, Compare up to 5 different breeds side by side, Browse the AKC Marketplace to find the right puppy for you, Browse our extensive library of dog names for inspiration, Find out the best and worst foods for your dog and which to avoid. They came to America after the dissolution of the USSR, and were classified as Central Asian Shepherd. Some CASDs have been known to stand as high as 36 inches, and weigh in excess of 220 pounds. Without working trial. Originally inhabiting rural areas of the Great Steppe of Central Asia in countries, such as Russia, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan, it is plausible that they have existed for over 10,000 years. FCI-CLASSIFICATION: Group 2 Pinscher & Schnauzer type, Molossoid Breeds, Swiss Mountain- and Cattle Dogs. Maxomagic Kennel is a long established leader and breeder of Central Asian Shepherd Dogs (known as the CAS, CAO, or Central Asian Ovcharka) in America. There are different rules, and different breeds involved. It was about dominance rather than destroying their own kind. The Central Asian Shepherd Dog requires very little grooming for their well-developed undercoat, but their once-a-year shedding is appropriately called the “fur storm.” Beyond intermittent grooming, the occasional bath will keep them clean and looking their best. Russian biologists and scientists have studied the local dog population[8] since the 18th century. The head is very solid, without pronounced stop or sculls. Central Asian Shepherd Dogs are a large-extra-large breed. The ribcage appears very long because of developed false ribs. Essential info about dog health, training, sports and more. If you would like to participate, please visit the project page, where you can join the discussion and see a list of open tasks. It is always important to distinguish whether a dog will display aggression only toward strange, unfriendly dogs entering their territory, while establishing and maintaining the usual social relationships with other animals on the premises; or will attack regardless of whether the other dog is a member of the same social group. It is a large breed of dog recognized by FCI as a Molossoid type dog breed of Soviet-era origin under Russian patronage. Even though it is a low energy dog, he should have good endurance for walking and hiking. BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY: Central Asia Shepherd Dog (CASD) is one of the most ancient breed of … The Turkmen Alabai is a loyal dog. Trading bloodlines and purchasing unrelated breeding stock between Russia, other "former USSR republics" (such as Ukraine , Belarus etc. ) [5] It is considered a symbol of pride and national heritage in Turkmenistan, where a gold statue of the animal was unveiled in 2020. Although active while outdoors, they are usually fairly quiet in the house. [9] Breed-specific dog anatomy includes exclusive features, such as very noticeable extremely flexible joints, false ribs, specific head set, and very strong neck with massive dewlap. The neck is low set, short, with dewlap. Today, you will find nomadic tribes using this pedigree group of dogs to guard what they hold sacred: their family and their ancient form of transportation, be it camels or horses. The Central Asian Shepherd Dog (CASD) is one of the most ancient breeds of dogs. The dog’s head is large and its short, powerfu… The legs are straight, with heavy boning and moderate yet defined angulation. The word "ovtcharka" just means sheepdog or mongrel and is applied to many types of dogs from this region. Simple pedigree research and conversation with the breeder will reveal what basic instincts one can expect from the dog. This breed bears a strong genetic similarity to other aboriginal breeds of Livestock Guardian dogs from that region such as Georgian Shepherd (Nagazi), Kangal dog, and Akbash.[7]. Only true leaders actually had to determine the strongest dog via a real fight; but this was minor, compared to their everyday duties, facing predators and venomous snakes.[10]. We are just now seeing the difference of size, color and temperament between the native species and the modern, Russian-cultivated dogs. It is a native breed that was used traditionally for guarding flocks of sheep as well as a guard dog and then later in dog fighting. Working with a responsible breeder, those wishing to own a Central Asian Shepherd Dog can gain the education they need to know about specific health concerns within the breed. This massive and powerful dog of above average height has a bear shaped head, a harmoniously built body with a large chest and wide back, covered in a thick and elastic, longer or shorter coat that can be one of many colors. Some breeders encourage endurance tests. Molossoid Breeds, Mountain type. And, finally, the real life test for the Central Asian is simply to be a farm dog, or herd protection dog, in any country. They are very courageous and have a high working capacity, endurance and a natural instinct of territory. Its back is broad and powerful. The introduction of new breeds to the region led to crossbreeding. Central Asian Shepherd Dogs are a natural protective breed that require a non-stop observance for the life of the dog. and countries where CAO (Central Asian Ovtcharka) still at aboriginal stage is a common practice nowadays. One can always expect a high level of aggression toward other dogs from CAOs with a dog fighting background. They have cropped ears, and long tail. Traditionally, the breed was used for guarding sheep and goat herds, as well as to protect and for guard duty. About Central Asian Ovtcharka (after visiting European Championship 2005), "What's with world leaders giving Vladimir Putin puppies as gifts? The Central Asian Shepherd Dog has less inherited genetic diseases than a majority of the man-made breeds but still requires clearances of hip dysplasia to take the place of natural selection. Breed Clubs in European countries seldom have requirements, while common dog sports such as Schutzhund or IPO are not perfectly suitable for a Livestock Guardian dog. Your Dog Deserves Nothing But the Best: Meet AKC Canine Retreat in Midtown West Manhattan, iy_2021; im_01; id_08; ih_16; imh_24; i_epoch:1610151888881, py_2020; pm_12; pd_26; ph_00; pmh_06; p_epoch:1608970007512, link-block-publisher; link-block-publisher_link-block-publisher; bodystr, pn_tstr:Sat Dec 26 00:06:47 PST 2020; pn_epoch:1608970007512. Most important, purebred Central Asians have unique breed characteristics. They are independent, curious and alert, yet imperturbable. It is thought to have descended from ancient cattle dogs that are related to the Tibetan Mastiff and the Mongolian Shepherd Dog. To understand their past, you must understand a time when surviving one day against extreme climates, predators now extinct, and invading tribes was a goal not easily achieved. For working qualities, modern Central Asians have been bred into different directions, depending on the demand for specific abilities. The ears are triangular, low-set and pendulous. They were formed as a breed from natural selection during more than four thousand years in a vast territory, which spreads nowadays from the Caspian Sea to China and from Southern Ural to Afghanistan. Their original purpose was to protect the livestock and shepherds and provide companionship. Central Asians tend to form a social group, consisting of different members bearing different duties; thus puppies with different working qualities are normally born in the same litter. The dog is as long as it is tall at the withers, or slightly longer than its height. The Central Asian Shepherd Dog is one of the oldest of dog breeds in the world with a history spanning back more than 5,000 years. Central Asian Shepherd Dogs do best with a large yard and are suitable for families that like daily walks. Its ears are, in practice, cropped very short, and the tail is docked moderately long (except for dogs from countries where cosmetic surgeries for dogs are illegal). Photo about pedigree, ovcharka, domestic, white, sleep, healthy, aziat, purebred, asian, animal, breed, cute - 63653763 Some have a black mask. The Central Asian Shepherd Dog has been recorded in the Foundation Stock Service since 1996. Central Asian Shepherd Dogs are a natural protective breed that require a non-stop observance for the life of the dog. Dogs seldom injured each other, inflicting mostly minor scratches within a short period of time. The coat color of the Central Asian Shepherd Dog it's very diverse: it comes in the colors white, black, grey, red fox, Brown grey, straw yellow, mackerel, spotted and mottled. Central Asians from pure show lines are very rare, because most registries require working tests prior to breeding.[13]. Key Breed FactsBreed CharacteristicsIntroductionHistoryAppearanceTemperamentIntelligence / TrainabilityChildren and Other PetsHealthCaring for a Central Asian ShepherdGroomingExerciseFeedingAverage Cost to keep/care for a Central Asian Shepherd It is not a breed created by man and are instead a breed that originated as a result of their climate and circumstance.The Central Asian Shepherd Dog is a large and powerfully built dog. The Central Asian Ovtcharka (CAS) is a very large, muscular, Mastiff-type dog. The Central Asian Shepherd Dogs are said to be the oldest known group of dogs in existence today, dating back over 5,000 years according to artifacts found in native lands. The National Breed Club in Russia developed a temperament test to reveal a dog's willingness and ability to protect the premises, as well as titles in Obedience (such as OKD), and in Protection (such as ZKS or KS) for dogs in most pedigrees from Russia and other countries of that region. This article is within the scope of WikiProject Dogs, a collaborative effort to improve the coverage of articles related to Canidae and commonly referred to as "dogs" and of which the domestic dog is but one of its many members, on Wikipedia. Modern commercial dog fights often differ from traditional as much as livestock guardian dogs differ from fighting dogs. Central Asian Shepherd may not be the best choice for first-time owners, as they need to handled and trained by someone who is familiar with such a large and powerful dog. These dogs are large, with short or moderately long hair and heavy undercoat. What you feed your dog is an individual choice, but working with your veterinarian and/or breeder will be the best way to determine frequency of meals as a puppy and the best adult diet to increase his longevity. You will find in CASDs different breed types depending on the terrain, from the mountains of Mongolia to the deserts of the Kara Kum. Their ears should be checked regularly to avoid a buildup of wax and debris which can result in an infection. Guard dogs must be able to work as a team to protect sheep against predators; thus excessively aggressive CAOs, as with any other dogs, cannot be members of the pack, and will not pass this simple test for compliance with the breed origination purpose. Good breeders utilize genetic testing of their breeding stock to reduce the likelihood of disease in their puppies. Founded in 1884, the AKC is the recognized and trusted expert in breed, health, and training information for dogs. In the USA the breed is … The tail is thick at the base and set quite high. Some European Union Countries developed special tests for large breeds of dogs aiming to reveal a dog's overall stability, such as The Mentality Assessment test in Sweden. [4] Aboriginal Central Asians as well as mixes still can be found in its countries of origin, such as Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan and surrounding countries. The UKC fits them together with other Flock Guardians of similar breeds, matching breeds’ natural sheep-guarding abilities, proven by breeders and farmers in the U.S.. The Central Asian Shepherd dogs are very robust dogs, with more than an average size, great strength and power, curious and alert. The body is slightly longer than tall. Photo about pedigree, healthy, animal, aziat, ovcharka, sleep, asian, cute, breed, purebred, domestic, white - 63489522 The fight tests were established to maintain this important breed trait. Other names for them include Central Asian Sheepdog, Middle Asian Ovcharka, Turkmen Alabai, Aziat, and Volkadov. The Central Asian Shepherd Dog is an ancient breed of dog from the regions of Central Asia.Traditionally, the breed was used for guarding sheep and goat herds, as well as to protect and for guard duty. They seek out human attention, thus bonding with their humans first and the flock second, and they guard whatever is placed in their perceived territory. The Central Asian Shepherd Dog does not come from one specific country but is in fact found in a range of regions in the Central Asia area. Their coats can be long or short, in white, fawn, black, or brindle. The Central Asian is a working breed of dog, and different breed fanciers organizations issue sets or rules and recommendations important to preserve dogs’ abilities to perform certain duties. Breeds are grouped together because they share traits of form and function or a common heritage. Many dog food companies have breed-specific formulas for small, medium, large and extra-large breeds. [3], The ancestor of the Central Asian shepherd originated in a geographical area between the Ural, Caspian Sea, Asia Minor, and the Northwest border of China. However, the Central Asian Shepherd Dog population is still stable in general, reproducing some true quality dogs praised for working abilities, regardless of country of origin. Two types of coat lengths are accepted without preference: Long coat. These dogs, to differing degrees, are protective against human intruders; they are very territorial, safe with children; they love and respect elderly people, protect all small animals from predators, and are very gentle with family members.[11]. AKC actively advocates for responsible dog ownership and is dedicated to advancing dog sports. On function and heritage Aziat, and hair types, Tobet, Koochee, Darchmarda where CAO still at stage. More submissive dog left, taking the loss the difference of size, type & function,. 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The breed became world known as the breed as the `` Central Asian Ovcharka Turkmen... Fight tests are central asian shepherd types in countries where CAO still at aboriginal stage is common! Former USSR republics '' ( such as Alabai, Aziat, and set low on the demand for specific.... Genetic testing of their breeding stock between Russia, other `` former republics... ( CASD ) is one of the animal was unveiled in 2020 expert in breed give... Hours without wearing themselves out differ in size, type & function Central Asia strong, fast-growing should...

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