[3], The results of trenching over the northern part of the Dead Sea Transform indicate that three major earthquakes have occurred along the Missyaf segment of the fault since about 100 AD, the earliest of which may correlate with the 115 earthquake. It triggered a local tsunami that badly damaged the harbour at Caesarea Maritima. Chowen, Richard H. “The Nature of Hadrian’s Theatron at Daphne”. In the year 115, Antioch suffered one of its most violent earthquakes that almost took the life of Trajan and Hadrian who were wintering in the city during the conquest of Mesopotamia (read more here). One year and eight months after the earthquake, on August 11 of 117 CE, Hadrian was proclaimed emperor by the army in Antioch. Proceeds are donated to charity. Antioch will be the start of my Hadrian1900 project. Map of Antioch in Roman and early Byzantine times. Its estimated magnitude is 7.5 on the Richter scale. To top it all off, the quake caused a local tsunami that significantly damaged the port of Caesarea Maritima in Judea (present-day Israel). The Antioch Earthquake of 115 In 115, Antioch – Modern Antakya in Turkey – was a flourishing city and the Roman Empire’s third biggest metropolis after Rome and Alexandria. According to the 6th century CE chronicler John Malalas, a native from Antioch, Trajan commemorated the rebuilding of the city by erecting a gilded copy of the Tyche of Eutychides in the theatre. After just four centuries from the previous large quake we are back to Antioch and another massive earthquake which devastated the region. Ignatius was finally sent to Rome, to receive there a welcome martyrdom in 116; Christians in Antioch did not cease to increase, and earthquakes … Roman statesman and historian of Greek origin, Cassius Dio was there at that time. It had an estimated magnitude of 7.5 on the surface wave magnitude scale and an estimated maximum intensity of XI (Extreme) on the Mercalli intensity scale. Blog: Antiochepedia (Musings Upon Ancient Antioch) by Christopher Ecclestone (. Casualties: 10 dead, 12 injuredOn April 11, 2012, at 15:38 local time, a huge undersea earthquake occurred at the west of the Indonesian island of Sumatra. In 115 Roman Emperor Trajan was at war with Parthia. The 115 Antioch earthquake occurred on 13 December 115 AD. Antioch on the Orontes was one of the most important cities of the Graeco-roman period. After just four centuries from the previous large quake we are back to Antioch and another massive earthquake which devastated the region. However I will make sure to visit the archaeological museum, which has one of the best collections of ancient mosaics in the world (see loads of beautiful images here). Antioch and the surrounding area were completely destroyed. 115, Antioch Earthquake. It was founded in 300 BC by Seleucus I, one of Alexander the Great’s generals, and became the Seleucids’ capital city. One of the most prominent victim was the consul ordinarius Marcus Pedo Vergilianus. To top it all off, the quake caused a local tsunami that significantly damaged the port of Caesarea Maritima in Judea (present-day Israel). Much of Apamea was destroyed in the 115 AD earthquake, but was subsequently rebuilt. 526 AD. There is a case of a major city being hit by a powerful, destructive quake, but as fortune had it, a god was visiting at the time and escaped shocked, but with only minor injuries. [2], The site of Antioch lies close to the complex triple junction between the northern end of the Dead Sea Transform, the mainly transform boundary between the African Plate and the Arabian Plate, the southwestern end of the East Anatolian Fault, the mainly transform boundary between the Anatolian Plate and the Arabian Plate, and the northeastern end of the Cyprus Arc, the boundary between the Anatolian and African Plates. The aftershocks that followed the earthquake for several days killed some of the survivors, while others, trapped in collapsed buildings, died of starvation. And as Heaven continued the earthquake for several days and nights, the people were in dire straits and helpless, some of them crushed and perishing under the weight of the buildings pressing upon them, and others dying of hunger. 11 Biggest Earthquakes around the World 1138 Aleppo earthquake 115 Antioch earthquake 1303 Hongdong earthquake 1556 Shaanxi earthquake 1780 Tabriz earthquake 1920 Haiyuan earthquake … In total 260,000 are said to have died during or in the aftermath of this event. Now in the Louvre, Paris. Antioch and surrounding areas were devastated with a great loss of life and property. 115 Antioch earthquake. After Rome conquered Syria in 64 BCE, the city became a Roman stronghold. Roman culture added to the city’s luxury with a forum, an amphitheatre, baths, a hippodrome, a theatre, a great colonnaded street (Via Triumphalis) and an aqueduct carrying water to fountains, public buildings and villas. Its estimated magnitude is 7.5 on the Richter scale. DURING the second year of the reign of Leo, an extraordinary shock and concussion of the earth took place at Antioch, preceded by certain excesses of the populace, which reached the extreme of frenzy, and surpassed the ferocity of beasts, forming, as it were, a prelude to such a calamity. The 115 Antioch earthquake occurred on 13 December 115 AD. Antioch and surrounding areas were devastated with a great loss of life and property. The earthquake began with a loud roaring sound, followed by intense shaking of the ground. In the year 115 a severe earthquake hit Antioch, and the pagans publicized as the cause the spread of the Christian religion, which had angered the gods. See the bottom of each page for copyright information. 115 Antioch earthquake. Two hours later, an 8.2-magnitude aftershock started. Because of the danger from aftershocks, he moved with his retinue to the open hippodrome. Initially, authorities feared that the earthquake would cause a tsunami and warnings were issued across the Indian Ocean; however, these warnings were subsequently canceled.It was the largest strike-slip earthquake ever reco… Unfortunately nothing is reported on how Plotina, Trajan’s wife, or Hadrian managed but they obviously survived unscathed. EARTHQUAKE AT ANTIOCH. Antioch a okolních oblastí byl zpustošen s velkým ztrátám na životech a majetku. Hadrian had been in Syria since January 114 CE as imperial legate (envoy to the emperor), and as such, had taken up residence in Antiochia ad Orontem (Antioch on the Orontes). [11], From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core. The aftershocks that followed the earthquake for several days killed some of the survivors, while others that were trapped died of hunger. It had an estimated magnitude of 7.5 on the surface wave magnitude scale and an estimated maximum intensity of XI (Extreme) on the Mercalli intensity scale. While the emperor was tarrying in Antioch a terrible earthquake occurred; many cities suffered injury, but Antioch was the most unfortunate of all. [4] The tsunami triggered by the earthquake affected the Lebanese coast, particularly at Caeserea and Yavneh. It had an estimated magnitude of 7.5 on the surface wave magnitude scale and an estimated maximum intensity of XI (Extreme) on the Mercalli intensity scale. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. It was founded in 300 BCE by Seleucus I, one of Alexander the Great’s generals, and became the Seleucids’ capital city. The origin of the reported death toll of 260,000 is uncertain, as it only appears in catalogues of about the last hundred years. [8], The restoration of Antioch was started by Trajan but seems to have been completed by Hadrian. NASHVILLE, Tennessee (WSMV) — A fire at an extended-stay hotel on Antioch Pike late Tuesday night has displaced 115 people. [6] The harbour at Caeserea Maritima was probably destroyed by the tsunami, an interpretation based on the dating of a half metre thick tsunami deposit found outside the harbour. Since 1900, ∼90,000 people have lost their lives in 76 earthquakes, with a total affected population of ∼7 million and direct losses of ∼25 billion U.S. dollars (USD). Whole trees were thrown into the air, as were many of the inhabitants, causing great injury. This page was last modified on 16 May 2016, at 03:42. [5] He describes Antioch at that time as crowded with soldiers and many civilians that had travelled from all parts of the empire, because Trajan was wintering there. The 115 Antioch earthquake occurred on 13 December 115 AD. Candidate #1: 13 Dec 115 Syria. Antioch and the surrounding area were completely destroyed. It was felt all over the near East and the Eastern Mediterranean up to Rhodos and triggered a tsunami that hit the harbour city of Caesarea Maritima in Judea. この地震による被害は極めて壊滅的であり、死者数は260,000人に達し、世界でも史上稀に見る深刻な地震災害となった。 Destroyed Antioch and said to have killed 260,000. The city lies on the Antakya Basin, part of the Amik Basin, filled by Pliocene-to-recent alluvial sediments. After multiple shocks in southern California during the 4th of July weekend in 2019, 24/7 Wall St. has ranked the worst and deadliest quakes of all-time. The previous quake in 115 AD killed approximately 260,000 people, this event killed at least a further 250,000 people. "Comments for the Significant Earthquake", "Antakya Basin Strong Ground Motion Network", "Evidence for 830 years of seismic quiescence from palaeoseismology, archaeoseismology and historical seismicity along the Dead Sea fault in Syria", "The historical earthquakes of Syria: an analysis of large and moderate earthquakes from 1365 B.C. 115 Antioch Earthquake. In response to an earthquake in AD 115 (known as the 115 Antioch earthquake), the Romans rebuilt Apamea with a typical Roman street grid system, and large public works such as … Ez a jelzés csupán a megfogalmazás eredetét jelzi, nem szolgál a cikkben szereplő információk forrásmegjelöléseként. Vergilianus was killed early in his tenure by an earthquake in Antioch. Also, the 1202 earthquake in the Levant which was supposed to have killed more than a million is not there either, since latest estimates are about 30,000 for this event. Antioch and the surrounding areas are devastated with significant human and material losses. The earthquake was followed by a fire that destroyed most of the buildings left standing by the earthquake. Soon after the disaster Trajan started to restore the city. Like his predecessor, Hadrian improved the water supply to Antioch. The city was thriving and was known as the “Queen of the East.” At the time of the earthquake of 115 CE Antioch had a population of about 500,000. 115 Antioch earthquake. Antioch and surrounding areas were devastated with a great loss of life and property. It had an estimated magnitude of 7.5 on the surface wave magnitude scale and an estimated maximum intensity of XI (Extreme) on the Mercalli intensity scale. Different sources give varying dates: 129, 131; 306 – tsunami on the Levantine coast. Soldiers and civilians were killed by falling debris while many others were trapped. Vergilianus was killed early in his tenure by an earthquake in Antioch. The two deadliest quakes in the country occurred in 115 AD and 526 AD. 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