Hebrews Chapter 3 – Handout. Hebrews Chapter 5 Warning Against Apostasy. Their heavenly calling was to be God’s ambassadors (set apart, holy, sanctified, as a kingdom of priests, Exodus 19:5-6). sin--unbelief. corpses--literally, "limbs," implying that their bodies fell limb from limb. The Names of God . | Terms of Use | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | Sitemap. The "legate of the Church" (Sheliach Tsibbur) offered up the prayers in the synagogue in the name of all, and for all. So "partakers of the Holy Ghost" ( Hebrews 6:4 ). Jesus became like a Jewish high priest who made a sacrifice for all the people. ( Exodus 17:1 Exodus 17:2 ). Jesus is "faithful," be not ye unfaithful ( Hebrews 3:2 Hebrews 3:12 ). It’s recorded in Exodus, chapters 19 through 23. Compare Hebrews 3:10 , "They do always err in their heart." So Jesus, "the Apostle of our profession," is delegated to intercede for the Church before the Father. not--literally, "If they shall enter . (Hebrews 6:1-3) The very first word of this chapter is “therefore.” To keep this passage in context, the preceding chapters must be reconsidered. The sentence beginning with "wherefore," interrupted by the parenthesis confirming the argument from Psalms 95:7-11 , is completed at Hebrews 3:12 , "Take heed," &c. Holy Ghost saith--by the inspired Psalmist; so that the words of the latter are the words of God Himself. 8. . appointed him--"made Him" HIGH PRIEST; to be supplied from the preceding context. The words "of our profession," mark that it is not of the legal ritual, but of our Christian faith, that He is the High Priest. (Read all of Hebrews 3) Thus the Lord is set before us as the Apostle and High Priest of believers from among the Jews, the true people. 10. grieved--displeased. I sware--BENGEL remarks the oath of God preceded the forty years. 4. Hebrews Chapter 3 Greater Than Moses. Considering Jesus. Philippians 3:14 , "the high calling"; Greek "the calling above," that is, heavenly. To apostatize from Christ is to apostatize from the living God ( Hebrews 2:3 ). temptation--"Massah-meribah," translated in Margin "tentation . Both are true; for, during the same forty years that they were tempting God by unbelief, notwithstanding their seeing God's miraculous works, God was being grieved. The "forty years" joined in the Hebrew and Septuagint, and below, Hebrews 3:17 , with "I was grieved," is here joined with "they saw." daily--Greek, "on each day," or "day by day." servant--not here the Greek for "slave," but "a ministering attendant"; marking the high office of Moses towards God, though inferior to Christ, a kind of steward. hold--Greek, "hold fast." provocation . The second of these rules is in Heb. A modern alternative to SparkNotes and CliffsNotes, SuperSummary offers high-quality study guides that feature detailed chapter summaries and analysis … departing--apostatizing. 6. Therefore, holy brothers and sisters, who share in the heavenly calling, fix your thoughts on Jesus, … hear--obediently. Hebrews Chapter 3 establishes the greatness of Jesus as compared to Moses. Therefore: From the previous chapter, we are left with the picture of Jesus as our heavenly High Priest. unto the end," in order to be "partakers of Christ.". (God do so to me and more also)," 2 Samuel 3:35 . the Apostle and High Priest of our profession--There is but one Greek article to both nouns, "Him who is at once Apostle and High Priest"--Apostle, as Ambassador (a higher designation than "angel"-messenger) sent by the Father ( John 20:21 ), pleading the cause of God with us; High Priest, as pleading our cause with God. While it is said--connected with Hebrews 3:13 , "exhort one another . ( Hebrews 3:6 ). the rejoicing--rather, "the matter of rejoicing." Your email address will not be published. his voice--of grace. . 3 Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high; 4 Being made so much better than the angels, as he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they. the apostle and high priest of our confession, 2 who was faithful to him who appointed him, just as Moses also was faithful in all God's[ b] house. not known my ways--not known practically and believingly the ways in which I would have had them go, so as to reach My rest ( Exodus 18:20 ). Hebrews 3:4. When--rather, "Where," namely, in the wilderness. Hebrews Chapter 4 (and the rest of Chapter 3) The Promise of Rest. tempted me, proved me--The oldest manuscripts read, "tempted (Me) in the way of testing," that is, putting (Me) to the proof whether I was able and willing to relieve them, not believing that I am so. Exhortation from Psalms 95:7-11 , not through unbelief to lose participation in the spiritual house. . As Moses especially was the prophet by whom "God in times past spake to the fathers," being the mediator of the law, Paul deems it necessary now to show that, great as was Moses, the Son of God is greater. . the living God--real: the distinctive characteristic of the God of Israel, not like the lifeless gods of the heathen; therefore One whose threats are awful realities. of EBRARD in ALFORD remarks, The angel of the covenant came in the name of God before Israel; Moses in the name of Israel before God; whereas the high priest came both in the name of God (bearing the name JEHOVAH on his forehead) before Israel, and in the name of Israel (bearing the names of the twelve tribes on his breast) before God ( Exodus 28:9-29 Exodus 28:36 Exodus 28:38 ). By. Hebrews Chapter 3. 2 Do not neglect to show hospitality to strangers, for thereby some have entertained angels unawares. HEBREWS TOTAL CHAPTERS: 13 HEBREWS TOTAL VERSES: 303 TOTAL WORDS: 6,913 DATE WRITTEN: 64 – 68 AD AUTHOR: Uncertain/ May be Paul HEBREWS THEME: The Superiority of Christ. Practical unbelief ( Deuteronomy 1:26 ). . Book of Hebrews Chapter by Chapter Summary. Not as ALFORD, with AMBROSE and the Latins, "created Him," that is, as man, in His incarnation. 1 Therefore, holy brothers and sisters, who share in the heavenly calling, fix your thoughts on Jesus, whom we acknowledge as our apostle and high priest. Other prophets only explained Moses, who was in this respect superior to them; but Christ was like Moses, yet superior. He first notes the feature of resemblance between Moses and Christ, in order to conciliate the Hebrew Christians whom He addressed, and who still entertained a very high opinion of Moses; he afterwards brings forward Christ's superiority to Moses. builded the house--Greek, "inasmuch as He hath more honor than the house, who prepared it," or "established it" [ALFORD]. Christ, The Way to God. HEB 3:1 Therefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High … . Subsequently when they hardened their heart in unbelief still more, He sware in His wrath ( Hebrews 3:11 ); an ascending gradation (compare Hebrews 3:17 Hebrews 3:18 ). . He Above Moses, as the Builder is Above the House. Hebrews 3 conveys the fact that Jesus is our faithful high priest who eternally resides over the house of God as a son. confidence . "THE EPISTLE TO THE HEBREWS" Chapter Three Having demonstrated Jesus' superiority to prophets and angels, the author now compares Jesus to Moses (1-6). Both names seem to refer to that one event, the murmuring of the people against the Lord at Rephidim for want of water. my rest--Canaan, primarily, their rest after wandering in the wilderness: still, even when in it, they never fully enjoyed rest; whence it followed that the threat extended farther than the exclusion of the unbelieving from the literal land of rest, and that the rest promised to the believing in its full blessedness was, and is, yet future: Psalms 25:13 , Psalms 37:9 Psalms 37:11 Psalms 37:22 Psalms 37:29 , and Christ's own beatitude ( Matthew 5:5 ) all accord with this, Hebrews 3:9 . 14. Someone must be the establisher of every house; Moses was not the establisher of the house, but a portion of it (but He who established all things, and therefore the spiritual house in question, is God). Hebrews Chapter 6 Eternal Salvation Question. Wherefore--Greek, "Whence," that is, seeing we have such a sympathizing Helper you ought to "consider attentively," "contemplate"; fix your eyes and mind on Him with a view to profiting by the contemplation ( Hebrews 12:2 ). Parallel with this line of argument as to His superiority to angels ( Hebrews 1:4 ) runs that which here follows as to His superiority to Moses ( Hebrews 3:3 ): (1) because as Son over the house; He is above the servant in the house ( Hebrews 3:5 Hebrews 3:6 ), just as the angels were shown to be but ministering (serving) spirits ( Hebrews 1:14 ), whereas He is the Son ( Hebrews 3:7 Hebrews 3:8 ); (2) because the bringing of Israel into the promised rest, which was not finished by Moses, is accomplished by Him ( Hebrews 4:1-11 ), through His being not merely a leader and lawgiver as Moses, but also a propitiatory High Priest ( Hebrews 4:14 , 5:10 ). 4 Let marriage be held in honor among all, and let the marriage bed be undefiled, for God will judge the sexually immoral and adulterous. The Psalm, each fresh time when used in public worship, by "to-day," will mean the particular day when it was, or is, used. Compare "walk contrary," Leviticus 26:24 Leviticus 26:28 . He alone holds both offices combined, and in a more eminent degree than either, which those two brothers held apart. (D)2 He was faithful to the one who appointed him, just as Moses was faithful in all God’s house. The author has spoken, Hebrews 3:2, of the house of God, and yet, Hebrews 3:3, has ascribed the founding and preparing of the same to Christ. unbelief--faithlessness. . Glory is the result of honor. Jim Bomkamp . 3 Remember those who are in prison, as though in prison with them, and those who are mistreated, since you also are in the body. firm unto the end--omitted in LUCIFER and AMBROSE, and in one oldest manuscript, but supported by most oldest manuscripts. What God proclaims we confess. The Greek word is often used by Luke, Paul's companion ( Luke 12:24 Luke 12:27 ). in the day--Greek, "according to the day of.". howbeit--"Nay (why need I put the question? . One old manuscript, with Vulgate and LUCIFER, reads, "which house"; but the weightiest manuscripts support English Version reading. Hebrew Bible Summary. heb 3:0. Every chapter of the Bible in 140 characters or less. Both His Apostleship and High Priesthood are comprehended in the one title, Mediator [BENGEL]. To-day--at length; in David's day, as contrasted with the days of Moses in the wilderness, and the whole time since then, during which they had been rebellious against God's voice; as for instance, in the wilderness ( Hebrews 3:8 ). A summary of Hebrews, chapter by chapter, from @biblesummary. partakers--"of the Holy Ghost." was--Greek, "has been." The covenant that He made with them listed the conditions for keeping that role. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. And Christ is God; and he is the Builder of all things in the spiritual realm, — ay, and in the natural kingdom, too, for “without him was not anything made that was made.” So he is to have eternal honour and glory as the one great Master-builder. The authors continue giving encouragement to "take care that none of you... have failed to reach it" … 2 He was faithful to the one who appointed him, just as Moses was faithful in all God's house. Thus, as Christ the Founder and Establisher (in Old Testament as well as the New Testament) is greater than the house so established, including the servants, He is greater also than Moses, who was but a "servant." A Better Covenant. 16. Hence as what applies to Him, applies also to His people, the Twelve are designated His apostles, even as He is the Father's ( John 20:21 ). 4 For … But the oldest manuscripts read, "this." Not merely ought all in general be on their guard, but they ought to be so concerned for the safety of each one member, as not to suffer any one to perish through their negligence [CALVIN]. heart--The heart is not to be trusted. The Greek is the same, Mark 8:12 . 17. and they have not known--Greek, "But these very persons," &c. They perceived I was displeased with them, yet they, the same persons, did not a whit the more wish to know my ways [BENGEL]; compare "but they," Psalms 106:43 . Hebrews 3 – Jesus, Superior to Moses A. 3 Jesus has been found worthy of greater honor than Moses, just as the builder of a house has greater honor than the house itself. saw my works forty years--They saw, without being led thereby to repentance, My works of power partly in affording miraculous help, partly in executing vengeance, forty years. (1a) Therefore: who we are in light of the previous paragraphs. Chapter 3. 3: 1. Review: 1.1. "Some," and "not all," would be a faint way of putting his argument, when his object is to show the universality of the evil. Proud member Thanks for exploring this SuperSummary Plot Summary of “Hebrew Bible” by Unknown. Jesus Greater Than Moses 3 Therefore, holy brothers and sisters,(A)who share in the heavenly calling,(B)fix your thoughts on Jesus, whom we acknowledge(C)as our apostle and high priest. Hebrews 3:5-6. For--assigning the reason why they should "consider" attentively "Christ" ( Hebrews 3:1 ), highly as … 5. faithful in all his house--that is in all GOD'S house ( Hebrews 3:4 ). For the justification of this apparent contradiction does the remark, Hebrews 3:4, serve. as a son over his own house--rather, "over His (GOD'S, Hebrews 3:4 ) house"; and therefore, as the inference from His being one with God, over His own house. 7-11. Now Christ is above the angels, according to the first and second chapters because (1) as Son of God He is higher; and (2) because manhood, though originally lower than angels, is in Him exalted above them to the lordship of "the world to come," inasmuch as He is at once Messenger of God to men, and also atoning Priest-Representative of men before God ( Hebrews 2:17 Hebrews 2:18 ). while it is called To-day--while the "to-day" lasts (the day of grace, Luke 4:21 , before the coming of the day of glory and judgment at Christ's coming, Hebrews 10:25 Hebrews 10:37 ). Warning #3: Failing to Mature. in any--"in any one of you." Moses, as a servant, is a portion of the house, and less than the house; Christ, as the Instrumental Creator of all things, must be God, and so greater than the house of which Moses was but a part. Greek, "made"; so in Hebrews 5:5 , 1 Samuel 12:6 , Margin; Acts 2:36 ; so the Greek fathers. Therefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, a. The lesson intended to be hinted to the Hebrew Christians is, their "to-day" is to last only between the first preaching of the Gospel and Jerusalem's impending overthrow, namely, FORTY YEARS; exactly the number of years of Israel's sojourn in the wilderness, until the full measure of their guilt having been filled up all the rebels were overthrown. Since Jesus lived and suffered and died just like humans do, says Hebrews, he totally feels people's pain when they've got a problem. 13. one another--Greek, "yourselves"; let each exhort himself and his neighbor. "That from among you no one (so the Greek order is in some of the oldest manuscripts) be hardened" ( Hebrews 3:8 ). To-morrow is the day when idle men work, and fools repent. Hebrews 3:1-19 . God punishes such apostates in kind. 15. "It entirely depends on yourselves that the invitation of the ninety-fifth Psalm be not a mere invitation, but also an actual enjoyment." Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. The Book of Hebrews Return to Index. Since all our good things lie in hopes, we ought so to hold fast our hopes as already to rejoice, as though our hopes were realized [CHRYSOSTOM]. lest . . while it is said, To-day": Hebrews 3:14 , "for we are made partakers," &c. being a parenthesis. He’s the eternal Head over God’s house. Not merely some, but all the Israelites, for the solitary exceptions, Joshua and Caleb, are hardly to be taken into account in so general a statement. The Superiority of Christ. 3:13; and it commands the entire Christian community, whether in the family, the … your fathers--The authority of the ancients is not conclusive [BENGEL]. It paints a wonderful … ), was it not all that came out of Egypt?" An ambassador in the absence of the king is very distinguished--in the presence of the king he falls back into the multitude [BENGEL]. Compare Note, "with the majority of them God was displeased." 3 For Jesus has been counted worthy of more glory than Moses—as much more glory as the builder of a house has more honor than the house itself. The saints' privilege is, they are made partakers of Christ, that is, of the Spirit, the nature, graces, righteousness, and life of Christ; they are interested in all Christ is, in all he has done, or will do. Commentary on Hebrews 3:14-19. MIRACLES & WONDERS IN BIBLE. Seeing that we are the house of God if we hold fast our confidence . 2. Harden not your hearts--This phrase here only is used of man's own act; usually of God's act ( Romans 9:18 ). Hebrews Chapter 3. 1. It says that Moses was a follower of God. In those chapters we read some of the many Old Testament prophecies that declare Jesus is the Son of God and that He is greater than Moses and the prophets. Wherefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High Priest of … When man is spoken of as the agent in hardening, the phrase usually is, "harden his neck," or "back" ( Nehemiah 9:17 ). This chapter also serves as a warning against hardness of heart and being lured away by sin and unbelief. Chapter 3: 1: Wherefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High Priest of our profession, Christ Jesus; 2: Who was faithful to him that appointed him, as also Moses was faithful in all his house. The first offense especially ought to be guarded against, and is the most severely reproved, as it is apt to produce many more. Christ enters His Father's house as the Master [OVER it], but Moses as a servant [IN it, Hebrews 3:2 Hebrews 3:5 ] [CHRYSOSTOM]. Christ, as being instrumentally the Establisher of all things, must be the Establisher of the house, and so greater than Moses. whose house are we--Paul and his Hebrew readers. 11. . 4 (For every house is built by someone, but I summarised the Bible on Twitter between Aug 2010 and Nov 2013 - one tweet per chapter, one chapter per day. Chapter three begins with a reminder to the Hebrews of their ancestral purpose. the beginning of our confidence--that is, the confidence (literally, substantial, solid confidence) of faith which we have begun ( Hebrews 6:11 , 12:2 ). Salem Media Group. 19. they could not enter--though desiring it. For some--rather interrogatively, "For WHO was it that, when they had heard (referring to 'if ye will hear,' Hebrews 3:15 ), did provoke (God)?" lest there be--Greek (indicative), "lest there shall be"; lest there be, as I fear there is; implying that it is not merely a possible contingency, but that there is ground for thinking it will be so. for a testimony of, &c.--in order that he might in his typical institutions give "testimony" to Israel "of the things" of the Gospel "which were to be spoken afterwards" by Christ ( Hebrews 8:5 , Hebrews 9:8 Hebrews 9:23 , 10:1 ). H ere is a Bible study on Hebrews chapter six with a summary and discussion questions to follow.. Hebrews 6:1-3. It shows His superiority to Moses and the covenant of the law. of the hope--"of our hope." THE SON OF GOD GREATER THAN MOSES, WHEREFORE UNBELIEF TOWARDS HIM WILL INCUR A HEAVIER PUNISHMENT THAN BEFELL UNBELIEVING ISRAEL IN THE WILDERNESS. partakers of Christ--(Compare Hebrews 3:1 Hebrews 3:6 ). Lessons Drawn from Israel Under Moses. said--"grieved," or "displeased," at their first offense. But Christ--was and is faithful ( Hebrews 3:2 ). Numbers 20:1-13 and Deuteronomy 33:8 mention a second similar occasion in the wilderness of Sin, near Kadesh, also called Meribah. deceitfulness--causing you to "err in your heart." So--literally, "as." . For--assigning the reason why they should "consider" attentively "Christ" ( Hebrews 3:1 ), highly as they regard Moses who resembled Him in faithfulness ( Hebrews 3:2 ). 1 Let brotherly love continue. To-morrow is Satan's to-day; he cares not what good resolutions you form, if only you fix them for to-morrow. Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. These titles do not involve His divine essence; they speak in regard to His superior ministry. Priesthood of Melchisedec. profession--"confession," corresponds to God having spoken to us by His Son, sent as Apostle and High Priest. All Rights Reserved. unto the end--unto the coming of Christ ( Hebrews 12:2 ). Verses 1-6: Jesus is both the Apostle and High Priest of the Christian faith. ALFORD translates, "Since (that is, 'for') it is said," &c. regarding Hebrews 3:15 as a proof that we must "hold . The People's New Testament, B.W. But … Hebrews 1 is about the supremacy of Christ Jesus. The Greek verb is used purposely instead of "builded," in order to mark that the building meant is not a literal, but a spiritual house: the Church both of the Old Testament and New Testament; and that the building of such a house includes all the preparations of providence and grace needed to furnish it with "living stones" and fitting "servants." 9. The Disobedient Generation—Warning #2: The Danger of Disobedience. by Moses--by the instrumentality of Moses as their leader. that generation--"that" implies alienation and estrangement. Though the title "Apostle" is nowhere else applied to Christ, it is appropriate here in addressing Hebrews, who used the term of the delegates sent by the high priest to collect the temple tribute from Jews resident in foreign countries, even as Christ was Delegate of the Father to this world far off from Him ( Matthew 21:37 ). Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. He departs from them--the worst of woes. Moses a Servant in the House; Christ the Son. But he that built all things is God. . . In this case, the sacrifice wasn't a ram or a goat—it was himself. Take heed--to be joined with "wherefore," Hebrews 3:7 . I say,"from among the Jews," not that He is not our Priest, but that here the sacred writer places himself among the believing Jews, saying "our;" and, instead of speaking of himself as and apostle, he points out Jesus as the Apostle; which He was in Person among the Jews. Hebrews. Paul compares Him as an Apostle to Moses; as High Priest to Aaron. All rights reserved. of you--The "you" is emphatic, as distinguished from "your fathers" ( Hebrews 3:9 ). Who was faithful--The Greek implies also that He still is faithful, namely, as our mediating High Priest, faithful to the trust God has assigned Him ( Hebrews 2:17 ). They would not enter His rest: 11 times in Hebrews chapters 3 and 4, Hebrews speaks of entering rest. Johnson, [1891], at sacred-texts.com. 5 Keep your … counted worthy of more glory--by God, when He exalted Him to His own right hand. Christ is faithful; therefore, saith Paul to the Hebrews, we ought not to be faithless as our fathers were under Moses. So Moses in God's house ( Numbers 12:7 ). In the book of Hebrews we have been seeing the author’s intent to encourage Jews who have come to Christ to continue to grow in their Christian faith, and not just be content … brethren--in Christ, the common bond of union. Hebrews 3:4. The opposite of "come unto" Him ( Hebrews 4:16 ). That rest will be deeply detailed in the next chapter. The word is always used in the plural, and we should note that we never hear of “Saint So-and-So.” 1 All God’s true people are called … chiding," or "strife" ( Exodus 17:1-7 ). A Christian so long as he is not made perfect, considers himself as a beginner [BENGEL]. Holiness is to be pursued in the Community of Faith. BIBLE SUMMARY MAIN PAGE. Hebrews chapter 3. heavenly calling--coming to us from heaven, and leading us to heaven whence it comes. The likeness of Moses to Messiah was foretold by Moses himself ( Deuteronomy 18:15 ). For, &c.--enforcing the warning, Hebrews 3:12 . . 12. The Hebrew Christians admitted the fact ( Hebrews 1:13 ). So Hebrews 3:17 Hebrews 3:18 , are interrogative: (1) the beginning of the provocation, soon after the departure from Egypt, is marked in Hebrews 3:16 ; (2) the forty years of it in the wilderness, Hebrews 3:17 ; (3) the denial of entrance into the land of rest, Hebrews 3:18 . 3. 18. to them that believed not--rather as Greek, "to them that disobeyed." . SUMMARY.--Our Apostle and High Priest. 1. But--Translate, "Moreover," as it is not in contrast to Hebrews 3:16 , but carrying out the same thought. So Hebrews 10:21 , "having an High Priest over the house of God." Hebrews 3:1 The term “holy” or “saint” is one of the most frequent descriptions of God’s people in the New Testament. It was desirable to avoid designating Him here "angel," in order to distinguish His nature from that of angels mentioned before, though he is "the Angel of the Covenant." He built God’s house just as he was commanded to do. First, the man who would wish to continue as a Christian should boldly speak of his faith, glorying in it every day, and seizing every possible chance to extol his love and appreciation of God, the sweetness of service in Christ, and every other joy and benefit of salvation (Hebrews 3:6). The "For" implies, Ye need to take heed against unbelief: for, was it not because of unbelief that all our fathers were excluded ( Ezekiel 2:3 )? … Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated.

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